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Organizational behavior contains a wide range of topics, such as human behavior, change, leadership, and teams. OB is “the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations” (e-book-OB 9th edition).It interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person, group, organization, and social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving individual, organizational, and social objectives. For managers and, realistically, all employees, this knowledge helps predict, understand and control organizational events. There are never two identical organizations. When you look for a job you look for a place that is comfortable for you. A place where you are going to find happiness and feel like you want to come to work every morning. The objective of this paper is going to guide you through the many different terminologies and concepts.
According to Donald R. Clark there are four major Models of Organizational Behavior (1998) that organizations operate out of: • Autocratic – The basis here is power with a managerial orientation of authority. The employees are oriented towards obedience and dependence on the boss. The employee need that is met is subsistence and the performance result is minimal. • Custodial - The basis of this model is economic resources with a managerial orientation of money. The employees are oriented towards security and benefits and dependence on the organization. The employee need that is met is security. The performance result is passive cooperation. • Supportive – The basis here is leadership with a managerial orientation of support. The employees are oriented towards job performance and participation. The employee need that is met is status and recognition. • Collegial – The basis is partnership with a managerial orientation of teamwork. The employees are oriented towards responsible behavior and self-discipline. The employee need that is...