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The People’s Republic of China and the Republic of India:
Comparing and Contrasting Political and Economic Structures
In a political perspective “The People’s Republic of China” and the “Republic of India” are from diverse dimensions in which China is mostly dominated by the communist ideology with an open economy and India is under democratic principles with a competitive market. Yet, both countries tend to be facing some of the same problems under its economic structures because of their political institutions and socialization factors. Throughout the research, both countries will be compared and contrast on their history, political culture, systems, process functions, policy function, and on the challenges that both countries face regarding the economic process at the domestic and global levels.
The Chinese are the oldest world civilization with recordings of up to 3,500 years, its successive dynasties developed bureaucratic control giving the Chinese an advantage over many nomadic and hill cultures. Its civilization strengthened by the development of a Confucian state ideology and a written common language that connected the gaps throughout the many local languages and dialects. When others conquered China such as the Mongols in the 13th century, the conquerors later adopted the ways of the Chinese civilization (U.S. Department, 2008, China). By 1911, a revolutionary military uprising led to the abdication of the last Qing monarch bringing a compromise to oust the monarchy without causing a civil war, but many high Qing officials retain their positions in the new republic. By 1934, the Chinese Communist Party was driven out of their mountain bases and was forced to embark on a “Long March” reorganizing themselves under a new leader, Mao Zedong after their defeat with the KMT or the Chinese Nationalist Party (U.S. Department, 2008, China).
On October 1, 1949 in Beijing, Mao Zedong founded the People’s...